Portable Benefits System Legislation

Policy or Initiative Description

Governments can enact legislation to develop and oversee the establishment of a portable benefits system.  With a portable system, essential benefits would be tied to the individual worker rather than the employer. A wide range of benefits could be made portable, including health insurance, retirement, training programs, and childcare allowances. These "portable, prorated, and universal" benefits would provide more financial security to formal and informal workers alike.

The Black Car Fund

Established in New York State in 1999, The Black Car Fund provides workers' compensation to for-hire drivers, funded by a 2.5% surcharge added to the cost of each ride. This fund provides risk-pooled benefits to drivers who are otherwise classified as independent contractors.


Reder, Libby, Shelly Steward, and Natalie Foster. “Designing Portable Benefits: A Resource Guide for Policymakers.” The Aspen Institute Future of Work Initiative. June 2019.

The Aspen Institute Guide for Designing Portable Benefits



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